This research work is of utmost importance as a reference for researchers, students, and health scientists. This book is based on a field work carried out in a semi-urban area of mid-west Nigeria. The labelling of chronic diseases as “diseases of affluence” is no longer valid as they also appear in poorer countries. Paradoxically, it is occurring at a faster rate in developing countries than it did in the industrialized regions of the world half a century ago. It is also a rich source of information for the general public as well as an action plan guide for government, health economists, health administrators and policy makers. The author observed that ignorance and lack of proper health information are substantial impediments to good dietary habits in Africa, not just a lack of money.